Sermon of Jesus on the Mount: Summary and Commentary on the History of the Bible
It is perhaps the greatest sermon ever given. What can we learn from Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount?
The greatest sermon of all time?
Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount is recorded in Matthew 5. Here is a verse-by-verse breakdown of verses 3-13 with a commentary on its application.
Matthew 5: 3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. “
It is not strictly speaking about the poor, but I think it includes them. Those who are poor in spirit consider themselves humble before God since we know that God opposes the proud and gives his grace only to the humble (James 4: 6). The word for “oppose” actually means to be “at war with” or resist God so that those who resist God will not be humble before Him, therefore the kingdom of heaven is far from them.
Matthew 5: 4 “Happy are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. “
Those who mourn could be those who mourn their state of sin but also those who mourn those who are broken because of their condition before a holy God. For those who mourn their sins, they can be comforted to know that if they repent and trust Christ, God will regard them as having the righteousness of Jesus because “He who did not know sin became sin for us so that we may be considered as having the righteousness of God” (2 Cor 5:21).
Matthew 5: 5 “Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. “
Today we see the proud, the rich, and those in power who have inherited (or taken by force) most of the earth’s riches, but Jesus looks to the future saying that the meek will “inherit the earth.” Indicating that this is a future event and is not yet completed. Those who are meek are small in their own eyes, but meekness is no weakness. Meekness has been described as a power under control because Moses was considered the mildest man on earth (Numbers 12: 3) but he was certainly not weak.
Matthew 5: 6 “Happy are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be satisfied. “
David thirsted for God like a deer panting for water (Psalm 42: 1). Imagine a deer running for its life and dying of thirst. When he finds water to drink he stops at the water’s edge but remains panting (breathing hard) but his desire is so great that he takes a risk and overcomes his fear and draws water. invigorating. So those who have a deep hunger and desperate thirst for God will do anything to assimilate the Word of God and their desire will be directed towards the search for his holiness. God says if they do, they will be satisfied.
Matthew 5: 7 “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.”
God is always merciful to those who are merciful. Jesus said that “If you forgive those who sin against you, your Heavenly Father will forgive you” (Matt 6:14). Those who are merciful have a spirit of forgiveness, and we are never more like God than when we forgive those who hate and persecute us.
Matthew 5: 8 “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. “
At first glance, it seems humanly impossible, but God can create a pure heart in us. David prayed to God saying, “Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a righteous spirit in me” (Psalm 51:10) so that we would know that it is possible, but not until a person has come. repent and ask forgiveness, which is Psalm 51. is all. Paul said that God “made no distinction between us (the Jews) and them (the Gentiles), for he purified their hearts by faith” (Acts 15: 9).
Matthew 5: 9 “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called children of God. “
Those who make peace will be blessed. We who have trusted in Christ have peace with God (Rom 5: 1), so we can now be called sons / daughters or children of God, but this could focus on those who try to be a mediator between those who have disagreements. When we have the opportunity to bridge a gap between siblings, we play peacemakers. It is very pleasing to God because this is what Jesus did for us (Rom 5: 6-11).
Matthew 5:10 “Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. “
If you have never been persecuted for righteousness then maybe you are an underground Christian and if there is not enough evidence to convince you to be a Christian maybe you should examine yourself. to see if you are truly in the faith (2 Cor 13: 5-10). Paul promised Timothy that whoever leads a godly life will be persecuted (2 Tim 3:12). Paul did not say “a lot” or “a great majority” but all! If you have never been persecuted for your faith, you don’t have to actively share Christ with the lost, but if you are persecuted for it, then you have a special blessing from God.
Matthew 5: 11-12 “Blessed are you when others insult you, persecute you, and falsely speak all kinds of evil against you because of me. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.
Know this… if you share your faith people will hate you but this is really the message they hate, not you. They will lie about you behind your back, they will say all kinds of bad things about you (like bearing false witness or gossip) but it will be because of Jesus, not yours, and besides, it is a good thing. Why am I saying that ? Because you can rejoice because you are in good company since they persecuted Jesus and the prophets to the point of killing them. You know that you have a great reward waiting for you in heaven if you are persecuted because of it. Peter knew about the persecution and he said, “Go ahead! ” Why? He writes that “as you share in the sufferings of Christ, continue to rejoice; so that also at the revelation of his glory you may rejoice with exultation. If you are reviled for the name of Christ, you are blessed, for the Spirit of glory and of God rests upon you ”(1 Pet 4: 24-14). Imagine that! The “Spirit of glory… rests upon” those who are persecuted because of Jesus. Don’t you want that?
I only covered the beatitudes in the Sermon on the Mount because that’s where the blessings come from, but I want to make these verses personal with you. Everywhere you read the word “you” put your own name there because these are written for believers. For example, if your name was John, read Matthew 5: 11-12 like this: “Blessed are you John when others insult you and persecute you John and speak all kinds of evil against you John falsely because of me . Rejoice and rejoice John, for your reward is great in heaven, for thus they persecuted the prophets who were before you John. In Matthew 5: 3, read it like this if your name is Julie: “Blessed are you Julie if you are poor in spirit, for the kingdom of heaven is yours” and “Blessed are you Julie weeping, for Julie, you will be comforted ”(Mt 5, 4).
Now use the personal pronoun “you” when you read Matthew 5: 5-10 and read it as if it was actually for you that this is written because it is! “Blessed are you if you are gentle, for you will inherit the earth. Blessed are you if you hunger and thirst for righteousness, for you will be satisfied. Blessed are you if you are merciful, for you will receive mercy. Blessed are you if you have a pure heart, for you will see God. Blessed are you if you are a peacemaker, for you will be called the son or daughter of God. Blessed are you if you are persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for the kingdom of heaven is yours. If there was a time when you repented and trusted Christ, then personalize these scriptures and others and put your name or “you” in the verses. It will bring the scriptures to life because these things were written for us and for our children. How can I say this? Paul writes: “For all that was written of old was written for our instruction, that by perseverance and by the encouragement of the scriptures we may have hope” (Rom 15: 4).
Another Patheos Read to Check Out: What Jesus Really Was Like: A Look at the Biblical Facts
Article by Jack Wellman
Jack Wellman is the pastor of Mulvane Brethren Church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is also the senior editor of What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage and energize Christians and answer questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book Blind Chance or Intelligent Design available on Amazon.